Women empowerment refers to the empowerment of women community because women are the necessary resource to the growth of every nation. India is in second position in terms of the population, but the sex ratio is 927 females per 1000 of males according to the Population Census of 2011. Population of women are decreasing because of female feticide , many girls are killed even before they are be born even in the 21st century. Gender disabilities and discrimination are found in India even in this modern age. People of India, worship Goddess and at the other side women are treated as the slave and girl child are killed soon after the birth.
Scholars believe that in ancient India women were getting equal status and considered as a symbol of respect. They played a vital role in the Indian society to build the golden culture of India. During 1500-1000BC, girl child was not considered as the liability and women had the freedom to choose partners for the marriage. However, later (approx nearly 500 BC), the status of the women were started declining day by day. After the 17th century, many of the females came forward as the women leaders. In Indus Valley civilization, many women had taken the active participation in trade and other social activities. Many Indian women leaders came forward and led the society like Rani Laxmi Bai, Sultana Raziya, Sarojini Naidu, Indira Gandhi, etc.
The best way for the women empowerment in India is to educate the females. Approximately 90million females in India are illiterate, and 20% of children between the ages of 6-14 do not attend the school. Education is the only weapon to eradicate this evil challenge of the Indian society. Recently, the Government of India has started a scheme “Beti Bachho, Beti Padhao” to create awareness and improve the efficiency of welfare services meant for the women in the society.
Women should be economically empowered; as it is observed that the likelihood of a child’s survival increased by 20% when the mother controlled household income. Women invest a higher proportion of their earnings in their families and communities than men. They should also encourage taking part in the suggestions, recommendation and decisions in an organization. It is seen that women give great ideas. But despite a range of significant advances, many women still don't have the fundamental freedoms and opportunities and face enormous inequalities in the world of employment. Most of the women in India unable to join an organization because their family don’t support them. Family should never deter anyone in pursuing a career either women or men.
Women cannot be empowered by the women alone. In our society, men are sick with the mentality and their evil behavior outside the house creating an adverse environment in the community. In India, parents ask thousands of question from a girl when she came home late night but when a boy does the same thing no questions are raised. Even in the house, girls are not getting the equal rights. The parents often says to their son "Stop crying like a girl" because they thought boys are dominant from the birth, so they don't cry. And this thinking making the male sick, as well as dominant and they treat their wife as a slave. It’s should be the duty of each parent to teach their son to respect women, behave well with girls and treat them equal. If the society wants women to be empowered, then there should start with changing the sick mentality of men.
For the women empowerment, Super cops of Uttar Pradesh provided Women Power Line number 1090 for the safety of women when they are troubled or harassed by a man. The service is started to help those women who require any assist in the emergency. The victims can call to the Power Line number for the help. There is no need for reporting FIR, and the most important thing the identity of the women are not disclosed. The victims can seek help from the counselor with an anonymous identity. WPL don't call the victim to the police station, they help the victim through telephone and update their progress to the victim with regards to complaints. WPL attended 3lakh calls and satisfied more than 2.5lakh victims through the call. The member of WPL aims at resolving the problems of victims till their satisfaction.